15 Interesting Facts About Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is a northern Indian state in the Himalayas. It’s home to scenic mountain towns and resorts such as Dalhousie. Host to the Dalai Lama, Himachal Pradesh has a strong Tibetan presence. This is reflected in its Buddhist temples and monasteries, as well as its vibrant Tibetan New Year celebrations. The region is also well known for its trekking, climbing, and skiing areas.




1. The word Himachal is a combination of the Sanskrit words, “Hima” and “Anchal”, which means “snow” and “lap” respectively. It is no coincidence that the state is located in the lap of the Himalayas.

2. The integration of four districts, Mandi, Chamba, Mahasu, and Sirmour, with 30 princely states, led to the formation of Himachal Pradesh as a Union Territory in 1948. Eventually, in 1971, the province attained statehood and become the 18th state in India.

3. The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla. The city sits atop seven hills and is popularly referred to as the Queen of Hills. And Dharamshala is the winter capital of the state.

4. There are 68 assembly seats in Himachal Pradesh. And 4 Lok Sabha seats in the state. The number of Rajya Sabha seats from Himachal Pradesh is 3.

5. The state has 5 national parks. The principal languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh are Hindi and Pahari. The animal symbol of Himachal Pradesh is a snow leopard. And bird symbol of Himachal Pradesh is Western Tragopan. The flower symbol of Himachal Pradesh is Pink Rhododendron. The Indian Cedar or Himalayan cedar is the tree symbol of Himachal Pradesh.

6. The Kalka-Shimla Railway fondly known as the Toy Train is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Kalka-Shimla Railway traverses the steepest slope (over 5800 ft) in the least distance (roughly 95 km). The train crosses over 800 bridges and 100 tunnels.

7. Himachal Pradesh is home to nearly 17,000 educational institutes, including two medical colleges, three universities, and one engineering college. Literacy refers to the ability of people to read and write in any language. As per the census of 2011, with a literacy rate of 83.78%, Himachal Pradesh has the 11th highest literacy rate in India.

8. Himachal is known as the Land of Gods. The state is mentioned in many ancient Hindu texts and is home to several religious points of interest. Locals from each village have their own distinct customs and deities in this culturally rich state.

9. The Manali – Leh National Highway is famed for being the highest motorable road in the world. Motorcycle enthusiasts flood the National Highway during summers for its picturesque landscape. Located in Kullu, the Great Himalayan National Park is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park is spread across nearly 1200 square kilometers and is home to a vast variety of flora and fauna.

10. Himachal’s Solan is popularly known as the ‘Mushroom City’ because of the widespread mushroom production in the city. The town of Khajjiar is widely known as the ‘Mini Switzerland’ owing to its alluring natural beauty. Followed by Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal is the second-largest producer of apples in India. Aptly called the Fruit Bowl of India, over 450 cultivars of apples are produced in the state. On average, Himachal produces over 4 lakh tons of apples each year.

11. The state of Himachal Pradesh is connected via 9 national highways (1,208 km), 19 state highways (1,625 km), and 45 major district roads (1753.05 km). Himachal Pradesh is home to three airports, Jubbar Hatti Airport (near Shimla), Bhuntar Airport (near Kullu), and Gaggal Airport (near Kangra). These airports run seasonal flights owing to extreme weather conditions. Shorter runways receive smaller aircraft, such as the 42-seater ATR and 18-seater Dornier.

12. Famous temples in Himachal Pradesh are Tara Devi, Jakhoo, Hadimba, Naina Devi, Baba Balak Nath, Jawala Devi, Chintpurni, and Chamunda Devi. Famous monarchs of Himachal Pradesh are Guru Ghantal Monastery, Tabo Monastery, Dhankar, and LhalungFamous churches in Himachal Pradesh St. Michael’s Cathedral, Christ Church, and St. John’s Church.The famous Gurudwaras in Himachal Pradesh are Gurudwara Bhangani Sahib, Paonta Sahib, and Rewal Sahib Gurudwara. Himachal Pradesh has several important minerals like gypsum, mica, clays, barytes, limestone, iron, lead, and pyrite. Famous fairs held in the state are Baisakhi, Lavi, Holi Fair, and Kullu Dussehra.


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13. Famous dance forms native to Himachal Pradesh are the Gugga Dance, Losar Shona Chuksam, Ghurehi, and Kullu Naati. Malana village in Himachal has won the title of ‘Best Hashish’ twice: in 1994 and 1996. The state of Himachal Pradesh came into existence post-independence, so it has no pre-constitution history. There are 169 tehsils/sub tehsils in the state. The state has 59 towns. Himachal Pradesh has 3226-gram panchayats.

14. Bir Billing is the center for aero sports in the state. Himachal Pradesh is known for its narrow-gauge railways.

15. The area of Himachal Pradesh is 55,673 square kilometers. As per the 2011 census, the population of the state is 68,56,509. The majority of the local populace is employed in the agricultural sector. Agriculture provides direct employment to over 65% of the state’s working population. Roughly 22% of the total state domestic product is attributed to income from agriculture and allied sectors.

Himachal Pradesh also the pride of being the home to rishis like Vyas, Parashar, Vashist, Markandey, and Lamas, etc. Hope you loved the Interesting facts about Himachal Pradesh.

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